LOCAL METHOD OF STORING PADDY STORM
During 1993-94, 390 tonnes odf seeds of high yielding varieties of rice, wheat and maize were distributed, 40 tonnes of pulses seed and 110 tonnes of oilseeds were distributed to the farmers. The department also distributed 3,13,889 nos. of planting materials of fruits, 3117 kg. of vegetables seeds, 51,45,714 seedlings of vegetables, 8,10,000 rhizomes of large cardamom. 10,780 kgs. Ginger seeds, 19.130 kg. Turmeric seeds, 5000 blanck pepper cuttings, 2,83,000 cassava and 450 tonnes of potato seed.
The other achievement of the Department of Agriculture are production of 35,000 tonnes of certified seeds, distribution of 2,400 tonnes of fertilizer, 30 tonnes of plant protection pesticides, 10,000 no. of agriculture implements on subsidy, production and distribution of 10,000 number of plating material, 10,000 number of soil analysis, reclamation of 1200 ha of Acidic soil, Bench Terracing in 800 ha in agriculture land, water convervation in 150 ha of agricultural land and creation of 200 ha of nursery, soil convervation model in 100 ha. of Govt. farms, plantation of 500 ha. in garland pattern and 240 ha. other soil convervation work.
In the atate, the per capita operational holding work out to approx. 0.24 ha. which includes fallow and culturable waste within the operated areas. The araes under norml circumstances is just enough for subsistence. The net state domestic product (1988-89) from agriculture indicates the per capita income of rs. 1,852/- in Sikkim as against the all India figure of Rs. 1,564. The per capita income from agriculture for Sikkim ranked 4th in All India (the highest being in Punjab, rs. 4206.00, followed by Rs. 2952.00 in Hariyana and Rs. 1964.00 in Arunachal Pradesh). The consumption of fertiliser per hectre works out to 8.4 kg in 1990-91 as against All india figure of 72.4 kg ( the highest of 171.2 kg per ha in Punjab). Sikkim ranked 23rd amongst 25 States in India in terms of consumption of fertiliser in 1991-92 (only higher than Arunachal Pradesh and Nagaland ). The consumption of pesticides, as compared to All India basis was negligible.
With the employment in the Government Sectors practically saturated and not much scope available to absorb the manpower in industry due to constraint of power and raw material, a large section of the population will have to be absorbed in agriculture. Higher employment in agriculture with limitation of the land is only possible by increasing the use of HYV, fertiliser and pesticides along with irrigation. If the present rate of use of agricultural input are not increased by several times, the possibility of finding more employment in Agriculture does not seem feasible.