Location - Approx 27 deg. North 88 deg. East, Area - 7,096 Sq.kms

  State Population (2001 Census)-540,493 (Male 288,217; Female 252,276)

Density of population-76 per sq. males

Sex ratio (2001 Census)-875 females/1000 males

Capital - Gangtok

District, Areas, & District Capitals   

  East District  - Gangtok
 South District   - Namchi

 North District   - Mangan

 West District  -Gyalshing

Sub-Divisions - 9

(Gangtok, Namchi,Gyalshing, Mangan, Pakyong, Rongli, Soreong, Rabongla, Chungthang)

Climate - Tropical, Temperate and Alpine

Languages Spoken - Nepali, Bhutia, Lepcha, Limboo, Magar, Rai, Gurung, Sherpa, Tamang, Newari,Hindi, English.

Main occupations - Farmers, Cardamom Growers, Government Contractors and Government Employees.

Per Capita Income - Rs. 9472/- (1995-96, at current prices)

Per capita growth rate - 6.80%

Domestic product - Rs. 446 crores (1995-96, at current prices)

Domestic product Growth rate - 10.39% (1995-96, at current prices)

Religions - Hinduism, Buddhism and Christianity

State Day ( The day Sikkim became a part of India) - 16th May

No. of Assembly seats - 32

No. of Lok Sabha seats - 1

No. of Rajya Sabha seats - 1

 BIODIVERSITY IN SIKKIM

FAUNA

  Mammals - 144
  Birds - 550
  Butterflies - 650 species
  Reptiles - 33
  Frog - 16

State Animal - Red Panda (Ailurus fulgens)

State Bird - Blood Pheasant (Ithaginis cruentus)

FLORA

  Orchids - 550 
  Rhododendron - 36
  Flowering Plants - Over 4000 species
  Ferns - 300
  Conifers - 9
  Medicinal Plants - Planty

State Flower - Nobile Orchid (Dendrobium nobile)

State Tree - Rhododendron (Rhododendron niveum)

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